In the more than 20 sub-sectors of electrical industry, cable hook manufacturing industry is the one with largest output value which accounting for a quarter of the scale of output value of electrical power industry, . Its products are widely used in various sectors of the national economy As the indispensible basic equipment ,it provides importantaccessories for power, energy, rail transportation and other industries, which makes it the guarantee of modern economy and the normal operation of the community .
In recent years, along with the sustained and rapid development of China's economy, the cable hook industry has grown rapidly. Relevant data showed that from 2006 to 2010, the average growth rate of wire and cable industry was 27.62%, industrial output value rose to 925.5 billion yuan in 2010 from 461.661 billion yuan in 2006 . In 2011, China's wire and cable industry output value reached 11,438 billion yuan, exceeded one trillion yuan for the first time. At this point, China has owned the world's largest cable manufacturing enterprises.
In 2012, due to the slowdown in GDP growth, the global financial crisis, the domestic economic restructuring and other reasons, the wire and cable industry is facing more difficult problems. First, there are nearly 10,000 wire and cable production enterprises in China, but the ones which can produce fire-resistant cable , the urban rail transit cable, heating cable, data communication cable and other special cable manufacturers are rare, accounting forless than 1% in the proportion of existing wire and cable manufacturing enterprises ; Second, China's wire and cable industry has a serious excess capacity and low price competition. A set of data from Ministry of Industry and Information shows that in 2012 , general wire and cable production equipment utilization rate is generally less than 40%, medium and high voltage power cable capacity utilization rate of 60% in China's wire and cable industry, operating rate of small and medium-sized cable business is less than 30 %, The cable industry capacity has been far more than the domestic market demand for cables, and its products are basically concentrated in the field of low-grade ordinary cable, relying on low prices to snatch the market through high competitiveness, while in the field of high-grade special cable with high profits ,we have little market share. Third, the international giants have been aggressively entering China, intensifying competition in the industry. Up to now, the French Nexans, Italy Prysmian, the United States General Cable, Sumitomo Electric and Japan Furukawa Electric and other world famous wire and cable giants have entered the Chinese market, occupying most of the high-end market share. Fourth, independent innovation capacity of China's wire and cable industry is weak, with lacking of R & D funding, product upgrades slowly, especially small and medium enterprises, due to poor independent design and development capacity , there is no development mechanism combined wire and cable products, materials, processes and equipment organic which lead to slow development of the industry.
Facing the unfavorable factors, the domestic wire and cable industry has begun to seek a breakthrough. At present, outstanding problem of China's wire and cable industry is the product structure, ordinary cable products are in liberal supply, while special cables are in short supply. Therefore, in line with market changes and national policy guidance, it has become the future road of development of the industry to carry out product structure transformation and upgrading, improve product technology content.
According to the "China's wire and cable industry," second five "development guidance" made by wire and cable branch of China Electrical Equipment Industry Association , wire and cable industry development space is huge, especially the special cable market demand will continue to grow. Energy, clean, renewable energy will enjoy vigorously development, the rapid development of natural gas will drive a lot of investment to promote the development of wire and cable. The demand in transportation, urban rail transit signal cable is about 1.5-2 million km / year, The annual output value is about 400 million yuan; to the end of "second five" , the demand of low-voltage automotive will reach 18 million km / year and in construction areas, electrical safety and environmental protection requirements will continue to promote the development of fire-resistant cable, low smoke halogen-free flame retardant cable, it is expected be 65 million km / year. The following are the same as the "
In summary, generally, the opportunities and challenges coexist in China's wire and cable industry, industry and enterprises must take the initiative to change the mode of development, to seek their own core competitiveness, identify their own product market positioning, cut into the special cable segmentation with promoting competitiveness in order to survive and develop in the increasingly fierce market environment.
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